(a) The scope of our reported environmental and energy data includes: buildings we own or lease long term and manage as the sole tenant, with more than 4,645 square meter (50,000 square feet) of conditioned space; sites having 150 employees or more; sites that are considered primary production/operation and service facilities; and joint ventures where we have operational control (where we own more than 50% of voting shares).
(b) In some cases, the data does not always add up to the corresponding sub-totals and totals, which we did not round.
(c) Some of this data has been third-party verified. The verification covers sites that qualify under the European Union Emission Trading Scheme (EU ETS) as well as those receiving external verification for GHG emissions under the Québec cap-and-trade system for GHG emission allowances (C&T system).
(d) Some of this environmental data has been third-party verified. The verification covers sites participating in the European Union Eco-Management and Audit Scheme (EMAS).
(e) Energy consumed within our organization includes non-renewable and renewable fuel, and the purchase of electricity, steam and heat. We do not include energy purchased for cooling and do not sell energy. We do not currently measure the energy consumed outside the organization. Energy consumption data is compiled through invoice or meter measurements from our sites and consolidated in a central database. Factors from the International Energy Agency, Energy Statistics Manual, were used to convert energy consumption volumes into GJ.
(f) Other non-renewable fuels consumed within our operations include: gasoline, naptha, residual fuel oil, acetylene, LPG, and diesel.
(g) Energy intensity relates to energy consumed within our organization, covering both renewable and non-renewable fuel as well as the electricity, steam and hot water purchased at our sites.
(h) We report GHG emissions based on an operational control consolidation approach. The scope 1 emission factors are compiled from the International Panel for Climate Change. The scope 2 emission factors are compiled from local utilities, provinces/states, and national inventories, where available. For both scope 1 and 2, we apply the International Panel for Climate Change (2007 Fourth Assessment Report) Global Warming Potentials to our calculations, which includes the following gases: carbon dioxide (CO2), Methane (CH4), Nitrous oxide (N2O), and Hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs). Scope 3 emissions are currently not included.
(i) GHG intensity relates to scope 1 and 2 emissions only. It includes the following gases: CO2, CH4, N2O, and HFCs.
(j) Ozone-Depleting Substances (ODS) are used in air conditioning units, freezers, refrigerants in our facilities, trains and aircraft. We calculate the GHG emissions using the amount of ODS associated to accidental leaks in equipments and then applying the relevant global warming potentials from the International Panel (2007 Fourth Assessment Report) covering hydro fluoro carbons.
(k) We confirm our disposal methods through reports provided to us by our disposal contractors. Composted waste is included in our energy valorization numbers. We do not dispose any waste by deep well injection. We also do not have on-site storage.
(l) Valorized waste refers to hazardous and non-hazardous waste, which has been redirected to a process that reuses, recycles, composts and combusts the waste into useful product or sources of energy. The number reported is the percentage of valorized waste as compared to our total waste generated (including both hazardous and non-hazardous waste).
Employee engagement andemployee enablement: Rates reflect percentage of respondents of the employee survey who have answered favourably or very favourably to the questions related to each topic. Enablement measures role optimization and level of support in the environment. Engagement measures employee commitment and discretionary effort.
Employees: Permanent full- or part-time, temporary full-or part-time and paid apprentices. Inactive employees are included (for ex: on parental or disability leave).
Others: Headcounts who are not Bombardier employees. These workers do not perform a substantial portion of the work for Bombardier.
High potential employees: Employees identified based on their proven track record and their perceived capacity to take on new challenges in the short term.
Employment position categories:
Senior management: Senior leadership positions having a direct report to CEO or business segment presidents
Management: Managers and up positions, including Senior Management
Non-management: All positions that are not management positions
New employee hire: Permanent employee hired externally within the reporting period
Remuneration ratios: Ratios for non-unionized employees only
Total turnover: All employee- and employer-initiated terminations, including dismissals, lay-offs and retirements
Voluntary turnover: Employee-initiated terminations, excluding retirements and ill health reasons
Diversity indicators: We report gender and age group. We cannot report ethnic minority due to the global nature of our business and the complex array of differing jurisdictional requirements and definitions on reporting ethnic backgrounds.
We pursue a tax strategy that is aligned with Bombardier’s business strategy and conforms to our Code of Ethics and Business Conduct. In alignment with our Corporate Tax Policy, we have put in place multiple resources, processes and controls to ensure that we are in full compliance with all applicable laws, including statutory obligations related to filings, payments, withholding obligations and disclosures to authorities.
(a) For significant locations only (Canada, United States, United Kingdom, Germany, France, Mexico). Includes income taxes paid on profits, payroll taxes and social charges, unrecoverable portion of transaction taxes (including sales taxes) and taxes on property and business operations.
(b) The total amount of taxes borne by Bombardier in 2019 was $475 million.
(c) The total amount of taxes collected by Bombardier in 2019 was $1,048 million.